Australia, as a country is shaped by the social and cultural diversity of various indigenous and expatriate demographic groups of people. The data collected from last year suggests that 30% of the Australian resident population residing in Australia, today, comes from overseas. Most of them are looking for permanent residency in Australia.
The number of immigrants in the country is seen proliferating every year. Historically, more people immigrate to than emigrate from Australia.
Foreign nationals who are travelling to Australia are required to get visas. Visa grants them permission to enter and remain in the country. Based on the purpose to enter and the duration of the stay in the country, visas are categorized as follows:
- Visitor Visas
- Studying and Training Visa
- Family and Partner Visa
- Working and Skilled Visa
- Refugee and Humanitarian Visa
- Other Visas
- Repealed Visas
People from all around the world are attracted to come to Australia. They mainly come to either work or to study. Australia, as a country has been a top hub destination for higher study among students.
The opportunities provided to international students/workers attract the youths to select Australia as the land to fulfil their dreams. For most of these youths, they wish to extend their temporary visa for a permanent residency (PR).
Permanent residency in Australia is a status granting someone who is not an Australian citizen the right to live and work without any time limit on their stay. One of the main benefits of permanent residency is the conferred right of abode in Australia.
A Permanent Residency in Australia grants the following benefits to the beneficiary:
- PR visa permits the PR holder to migrate to any part of the country.
- Your family will get permission to move in with you.
- Children of PR holders are eligible for free education up to a certain age.
- There are various work and health benefits.
- Apply for citizenship after a few years of PR status.
- Unrestricted movement in and out of Australia in the first five years.
Australian PR Visa application has various eligibility requirements, conditions and criteria for selection.
To become a permanent resident, a foreign national must apply to the Department of Home Affairs. It is formerly known as the Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP), under one of several programs.
The Department of Home Affairs (DOHA) is the authoritative body of the Australian Government. It filters the immigrants applying for the PR under different factors so that only the qualified people are granted visas.
Besides that, DOHA is the umbrella body that is administered for the following operations in Australia:
- Entry, stay and departure arrangements for non-citizens
- Border immigration control
- Ethnic affairs
- Customs and border control other than quarantine and inspection
People can become a permanent resident of Australia in different ways. Three main pathways of becoming a permanent resident are through gaining:
- a skill-stream permanent visa
- a family-stream permanent visa
- Special eligibility permanent visa
The Skilled stream of the Migration Program is designed for individual migrants with the skills, qualifications, and entrepreneurship character. This program attracts those workers who will make a significant contribution to the Australian economy. And it fills positions where no Australian workers are available.
Such competent migrants in the country will help bring high educational qualifications and higher employment potential. From this perspective, these migrants will help contribute to the economy of the country.
The number of places allocated for the skilled migration program is the highest as compared to other ways. So there is more chance of getting the visa under this stream. Moreover, Skill migration is a point-based system and is the most popular immigration program that aspiring migrants choose.
The Skill stream comprises four components; namely:
- General Skilled Migration;
- Business Innovation and Investment;
- Distinguished Talent.
- Skilled Independent visa (subclass 189)
- Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190)
- Skilled Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 489)
- Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 491)
To apply for Permanent Residency in Australia the common way to start the process is selecting either the Visa subclass 189 or the subclass 190.
These two subclasses differ upon the nominated occupation listed under the Skilled Occupation List (SOL) for the subclass 189 whereas the Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List (CSOL) for the subclass 190.
However, the process to begin for the Visa application is the same for both the Visa subclasses i.e. the skills assessment by the relevant assessing authority for their occupation
Applicants score points based on their age groups. More preference is allotted higher for younger migrants of the age group 25 – 32.
Applicants falling under this age group at the time of lodging the applications are awarded the full 30 points to their PR table. Similarly for other age groups, the distribution of points is as follows:
|Less than 18||0|
|18 – 24||25|
|25 – 32||30|
|33 – 39||25|
|40 – 44||15|
|45 – 49||Not Eligible to apply for PR|
English language requirement
The maximum points that the English Language Test Result can contribute to your PR table are 20 points. The description of the points-based for the different English language tests are presented in the table below:
|TOEFL iBT||L – 12, R – 13,
W – 21, S – 18
|L – 24, R – 24,
W – 27, S – 23
|L – 28, R – 29,
W – 30, S -26
Skilled employment experience
Skilled employment points are based on the years of experience the applicants have on their nominated occupation.
Points are awarded separately for skilled employment experience gained within Australia and elsewhere. Points from both tables can be combined, but the maximum total points awarded for skilled employment is 20 points.
|Employment WITHIN Australia||Points|
|Less than 1 year||0|
|1 – 2 years||5|
|3 -4 years||10|
|5 – 7 years||15|
|8 – 10 years||20|
|Employment OUTSIDE Australia||Points|
|Less than 3 year||0|
|3 – 4 years||5|
|5 – 7 years||10|
|8 – 10 years||15|
Points are awarded for the applicant’s highest academic qualification related to the applicant’s nominated occupation only.
|Doctorate or Ph.D. Degree||20|
|Bachelor’s or Master’s degree||15|
|Australia Diploma or Trade Qualification||10|
|Award or qualification recognised by the assessing
authority in an assessment of the skilled occupation
Specialist education qualifications
Applicants with a Masters degree by research or a Doctorate degree from an Australian educational institution that included at least 2 academic years study in a relevant field provides them with extra 10 points.
Further, you can grasp these 10 points by having certain STEM qualifications in the field of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.
|Specialist education qualifications||10 Points|
Australian study requirement
At least 1 degree, diploma or trade qualification from an Australian educational institution that meets the Australian study requirement earns you 5 additional points.
|Any degree, diploma or trade qualification earned in Australia after at least two years of study||5 Points|
Credentialed Community Language
Applicants with the Credentialed Community Language (CCL) certification recognised by Australia’s National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI) are awarded 5 additional points.
|NAATI recognised translator/interpreter level skills in a community language||5 Points|
Study in regional Australia
Applicants are awarded another 5 points for at least one degree, diploma or trade qualification from an Australian educational institution obtained while living and studying in a “regional Australia/low population growth metropolitan area” in Australia.
Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane are not considered an eligible area of Regional Australia.
|Studied in Regional Australia||5 Points|
The skills of the applicant’s partner included on the Visa application can also count towards the points total.
|Single / Spouse||Points|
|Spouse/partner is Australian Citizen or PR holder||10|
|Spouse/partner meets Australian General Skilled Migration basic requirements||10|
|Spouse/partner is also an applicant for this Visa and has competent English||5|
Professional year in Australia
A Professional Year is a structured professional development program which combines formal training with on-the-job experience. Applicants that have completed approved Professional year in Australia in the last four years are eligible for this PR point.
|Completed a Professional year in Australia in the last 4 years||5 Points|
For Visa subclass 190, also otherwise known as Skilled Nominated Visa, are awarded points for being sponsored by an Australian state or territory government.
|Nomination by state or territory government||5 Points|
Before you lodge an application for the visa, it is of utmost importance for you to know the key requirement to apply. F0r the permanent visa it is that one must not have had a visa cancelled or a previous visa application refused since the last substantive visa you held in Australia.
If you are cleared regarding the visa policies, then you can begin for the point tested migration visa as follow:
- Get a skill assessment report by a designated authority for that occupation
- Lodge an Expression of Interest (EOI) to the Department of Home Affairs for Visa extension.
- Wait for an invitation to apply for the visa:
- Once you receive an invitation to apply for this visa, you must do so within 60 days.
- Accumulate all required documents and police clearance certificates.
- Score at least 65 on the points test
- However, obtaining the minimum pass mark of 65 does not guarantee you an invitation to apply for the Visa.
- Meet health requirements.
- Get your General Skilled Permanent Visa.
- Approval of the application will grant you a Permanent Residency in Australia.
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Author: Samir Luintel